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Bulk Cu

Bulk Copper (opens larger version)
Copper L2,3 Edge. The almost filled d-band means no large peak “white-line” at the edge onset, such as that seen in Fe,Co or Ni

By: Peter Ercius and Jerome Hyun

Microscope: VG HB 501UX STEM

Energy Resolution: 0.73 eV

Note: The energy axis of the Cu edge has been calibrated to the values reported by Leapman et al. in the paper:

R.D. Leapman, L.A. Grunes, P.L. Fejes, Phys. Rev. B. 26, 614 (1982)